ANTHRAX OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS IN VRBAS BANATE: FROM TRADITIONAL BELIEFS TO THE FIRST SCIENTIFIC VIEWS ON THE ANCIENT DISEASE
From 1929 to 1941, the Vrbas Banate was one of nine provinces of the Kingdom Yugoslavia, and according to historical data, the poorest one, without well-organized and sustainable agriculture production. Naturalistic production and poor animal health control in the Vrbas Banate were the most important risk factors for infectious disease spreading. Anthrax was very prevalent infectious disease in domestic animals and humans in that period, but some data on this disease remain scarce. In this paper epidemiology and clinical investigation of anthrax in the Vrbas Banate are reviewed. Apart from many aggravating factors that influenced the control of anthrax, the veterinary service of Banate contributed to the development of animal husbandry, animal health and public health in that period.
Key words: anthrax; the Vrbas Banate; control; history of medicine.