PRIM. DR. LJUBICA BOSNER (1902.–1991.) – KIRURGINJA, GINEKOLOGINJA I PORODNIČARKA
Ljubica Bosner, MD (2 February 1902 – 21 October 1990) was a distinguished woman surgeon, who worked in Rijeka, and all over Croatia, including the posts in Ogulin, Bjelovar, Petrinja, and Varaždin, that are marginally known to wider medical circles and general public from her biography. Archive records point to her beginnings as a surgeon at the regional hospital of Ogulin in the 1930s, and then at the Department of Surgery and Gynaecology of the regional hospital and later state hospital of Bjelovar, where she had operated over the first two years of World War 2. From the end of 1942 to May 1943, she worked as a surgeon and the head of the hospital in Petrinja, and then as the head of the Soft Tissue Unit, Department of Surgery at Rebro Hospital in Zagreb until May 1945. She then headed the hospital in Mali Lošinj until 1946 and moved to the Sobol Brothers Hospital in Rijeka, where she worked until retirement. Ljubica Bosner was one of the few women who had spent all her working life in general surgery, gynaecology and obstetrics, war surgery, and later paediatric surgery. Thousands of surgery records witness to her unrelenting dedication and high professionalism in regular as well as in emergency war situations. Her mentorship, loyalty to colleagues and medicine, social sensitivity and good will are still being recalled by her students.
Key words: History of medicine; 19th century; surgery; gynaecology and obstetrics; Ljubica Bosner; Croatia