SUCCESS OF LONG BONE FRACTURE HEALING IN ANCIENT EGYPT: A PALEOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE GIZA NECROPOLIS SKELETONS

  • Moushira Erfan Zaki

Abstract

Complications may provide information regarding the management of fractures in ancient populations. The aim of this study was to determine the rates of long-bone fractures and the proportion of misalignments as indicators of failed treatment or no treatment at all in skeletons from the Giza Necropolis dating to the Old Kingdom period (2700-2190 BC). We visually examined for fractures 2287 long bones of 204 adult skeletons (112 male and 92 female) and took x-rays of fractured bones in standard AP and ML views, so that we can analyse misalignments. Fractures were found in 45 of the 2287 examined long bones (1.97 %). Most of the fractures healed with good alignment, most likely as a result of successful treatment, and only three fractures showed misalignment.


Key words: History of medicine; Ancient Egypt; paleopathology; fractures

Published
2018-05-09