PHYSICIAN AND DICTATOR: A PICTORIAL ESSAY ON LUIGI CARLO FARINI (1812-1866) IN HIS HOMELAND
Luigi Carlo Farini (1812-1866) was one of the leading figures in the Italian unification, the Risorgimento. As a physician he always took care of the health problems of its people with a broadminded attitude, promoting for example extensive campaigns of Jennerian vaccination or experimenting the effects of electricity on tetanus. As a political leader - he was proclaimed “Dictator” in 1859 - he made possible the annexation of the Adriatic regions of Emilia and Romagna to the Kingdom of Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy that later, in March 1861, was to become the new Kingdom of Italy. This article, in connection with the project “Himetop - The History of Medicine Topographical Database”, offers a brief photographic survey of the location and condition of the monuments and memories of the physician-dictator in his homeland, two hundred years after his birth. Not only the tormented history of his monument in Ravenna, but also his birthplace, hospital, tomb, etc., testify that Farini’s memory is well preserved among the people he served as a physician and as a statesman.
Key words: Italian unification; medicine and politics; cultural heritage; monuments