TJELESNE KAZNE U RAPSKOM PROTOSTATUTU IZ 1234. GODINE
The document known as Rapski protostatut of 1234 (the first town code of the Town of Rab) contains several drastic provisions related to physical punishment indicative of the mediaeval mindset. It is the first written law to be enforced on the island of Rab under the Venetian rule. According to the code, the criminal legal procedure practiced the so-called Divine Judgement and the test of the glowing iron. This practice remained as long as 1281 (we do not find it any more in the later Rab Code of the 14th century). Also interesting is a provision stipulating a fine for causing wounds by a sword, stone, or a piece of wood. In the case when a person cannot pay the fee, however, her or his right arm should be cut off. The third curiosity is the provision defining a procedure for women who prepared poisonous herbs. It is said that not even the glowing iron can "clear" them of guilt. If the poisoned person(s) died, the poison maker would be burnt at stake.
Key words: town code, history of law, physical punishment, 13th century, Rab, Croatia