ZDRAVSTVENA PROBLEMATIKA GRADA SPLITA NA STRANICAMA PRVIH NOVINA PISANIH HRVATSKIM JEZIKOM “IL REGIO DALMATA-KRAGLSKI DALMATIN” (1806.–1810.): U POVODU 200. OBLJETNICE PRESTANKA NJIHOVA OBJAVLJIVANJA
At the beginning of the 19th century, one of the most important cultural events in Dalmatia was the publication of a bilingual newspaper Il Regio Dalmata - Kraglski Dalmatin in Italian and Croatian, issued by the French government in Zadar between 12 July 1806 and 22 January 1808. Between 29 January 1808 and 1 April 1810 it changed name to Il Regio Dalmata. The journal paid much attention to the health problems of the city of Split, especially between 1806 and 1808. The aim of this study was to analyze the original articles published in this first newspaper in Croatian language and to understand the role of this publication as means of promoting health policies in Split. The journal published articles about health care for the poor and foundlings, about the need for charity institutions to refer them to the city hospital and to the foundling home, and encouraged citizens to help maintain these institutions. Great attention was also dedicated to vaccination against smallpox and demographic problems of Split. Thanks to Croatian, Il Regio Dalmata-Kraglski Dalmatin informed a wider audience about the existing health conditions in the city of Split and about the efforts of the French government for its improvement.
Key words: history of medicine, public health, health promotion, 19th century, Split, Croatia