DEVELOPMENT OF HOMOLOGOUS SKIN, BONE AND OTHER SOFT TISSUES TRANSPLANTATION IN SLOVENIA
In Slovenia, transplantation of tissues such as skin and bone was successfully following global trends throughout its history. First documented homologous skin graft was already mentioned back in 1901. Alongside with new discoveries in immunology and advancements in burn surgery, skin transplantation development surged in the second half of 20th century. Slovenia’s first and currently the only skin bank was established in 1973, in Ljubljana. Throughout its existence it always managed to supply skin grafts for patients that were in vast majority burn victims. The bone bank was established twenty years earlier, in 1952. Homologous bone grafts helped patients with trauma injuries and tumour resections. Besides skin and bone grafts, cartilage and other soft tissues have also been used for transplantation – tympanic membrane and cartilage transplants being used in ear surgery. International inclusion of Slovenian physicians allowed comparable results and introduction of new methods at home and around the world.
Key words: transplantation; allograft; skin bank; bone bank, Slovenia.